"ash: 4 cotton, 6 sedges, 12 gal. H2o", is in a group show opening this week at tart, in the emerson cultural center. the shows's theme is "invasive paper" - using paper made from invasive plant species found in montana and classified as "noxious weeds". through my frustrations with trying to work on the very fibrous and dark handmade paper, i began burning it. in turn i used the ashes in this new encaustic piece for the grey and black pigments.